廣州詠春馮銳堅武術會(香港)



《廣州詠春拳內容》

眾所周知外國人普遍認為中國功夫很玄、擁有很多神秘的拳理,但廣州詠春拳,絕不神秘複雜,拳理就很簡單:『直接、直線攻防、守中線攻中線』.就如此簡單了,能否活學活用,便得要下苦功。若然再說一大堆理論,都是枉然。

入門後先需學習《十二散手》十二散手由十二個簡單實用的散式組成:

壹:日字衝捶                            
貳:偏身衝捶
參:上攔手
肆:下攔手
伍:外鐮手 
陸:內鐮手                            
柒:外攤掌
捌:內攤掌
玖:三品掌
拾:外擸手
拾壹:圈手
拾貳:獨龍捶

追加散式:白鶴尋狐

 

《日字衝捶》最常用

《日字衝捶》是詠春拳中最基本,最常用而實際的,每位新學員最先接觸的就是詠春拳中的《日字衝捶》,《日字衝捶》跟其他武術中的直拳分別在於《日字衝捶》含有發《寸勁》的動作。《寸勁》是詠春的特色,它亦是最難掌握及發揮的東西,很多人都會有個疑問,詠春拳主張簡單直接又何需那麼多其他招式呢?我們學會《日字衝捶》這一式不是己經足夠嗎?事實並非如此,當我們與敵人對搏時。雙手隨時會處於不同的位置、距離、角度,正因為要有利於自已的發力方向有所改變時,詠春拳中就會有不同的招式變化,令自已處於優勢。

《套拳》

小練頭:小練頭是先練或開始練的意思(文字上與其他派別詠春有異)小練頭內容包含很多詠春拳的寸勁手法,先練是要新學員習慣夾臂沉睜的動作,有部份師傅將套拳小練頭,沉橋,標指,順序分為初級、中級、高級套路,其實小練頭,沉橋,標指三套拳分別鍛鍊不同的技法。

沉橋:練習沉勁防守後進攻,肘法,腿法等。

標指:標指內招式比較狠,例如標指插眼,斷橋手,肘擊等。

空樁:空樁是打木人樁前練習的一套拳法,內容比小練頭、沉橋、標指雙加還要豐富,但部份內容並不是之前三套拳所學的一樣。

木人樁法:除主要練習招式及位置準乘,更可練習發勁,盡全力打練橋手,因平日與師兄弟練習黐手時,都要留手避免打傷,練木人樁就可一嘗真打的感覺了。

《兵器》

詠春刀、棍一向被視為秘傳絕學,不輕易學得到,本門也不例外,只傳入室弟子。

『六點半棍』:棍法精簡,內容只有六招半招式,可能因此命名。古時,棍的長度為九唐尺,現今長度為九英尺單頭棍,握棍的位置較粗,棍頭攻打的位置則較幼,使力量集中棍頭一點。

『二字拑羊奪命刀』:此刀法比六點半棍法內容豐富,其理論及運用跟詠春拳招式一樣,例如:耕刀、攤刀就如耕手及攤掌,只是需要更強的手腕力量來控制雙刀發揮寸勁,但當然亦有一些刀法是拳招裹沒有的,總不成揮舞雙刀套用在「標指」套路上,就當是詠春刀法吧。

《詠春拳算不上漂亮》

詠春拳的動作角度短小,套拳內很多招式都沒連貫性,既沒有連環打的動作,亦沒有被刻意修飾的招式名稱,沒有《美人照鏡》、《青龍出洞》這麼悅耳的名稱。沒錯,詠春拳的招式與名稱真的算不上漂亮,事實上功夫的用途是強身健體和自衛,沒有必要將其修飾,而詠春拳就像積木般,當你融會貫通後,利用所有已學習的單式,就可以根據不同情況,組合出多種連貫的招式,可說是千變萬化。

 

The Theory of Guangzhou Wing Chun

Foreigners generally believe that Chinese Martial Arts is full of complications, secrets, and mystical principles in terms of direct combat. However, Guangzhou Wing Chun kung fu is far from complex. Guangzhou Wing Chun is very simple, the only principle is: “Direct, straight line attach and defense around the CENTER line”.

Center Line

The center line runs directly up and down the middle of the body from head to the lower body. This part of the body is the most direct and is fastest to attack of your opponent’s body. This part of the body is also the most vulnerable and must be protected at all times with your defense and attacks. Every aspect of Wing Chun evolves around the CENTER LINE theory. In mastering this theory, long hard practice must also be incorporated.

For beginners, learning the “Twelve simple techniques” (Twelve San Sau) will enhance your practical abilities in applying to the Wing Chun system.

The Twelve Simple Techniques

1)    Straight Line Punch
2)    Turning Straight Line Punch
3)    Sheung Lan Sau (Upper Blocking hand)
4)    Ha Lan Sau (Lower blocking hand)
5)    Oi Lim Sau (Outer blocking hand)
6)    Loi Lim Sau (Inner blocking hand)
7)    Oi Tan Cheung (Outer blocking palm)
8)    Loi Tan Cheung (Inner Blocking palm)
9)    Sam Ban Cheung (Three Style Blocking Palm)
10)  Oi Lap Sau (Outer Grabbing Hand)
11)  Huen Sau (Circle Hand)
12)  Dok Lung Tsui ( Dragon’s Punch)

Additional Simple Technique: Bak  hok kum wu 

Mainstream Wing Chun

Siu Lim Tao

Siu Lim Tao (in Guangzhou Wing Chun) means the initial or starting practice. (There is a slight difference in the wording (In Cantonese) of Siu Lim Tao from other style of Wing Chun). Siu Lim Tao contains many forms of the usage of Inch Punch, which can allow new learners to get used to this very important concept, correct use of energy and the basic theories of positions of the Wing Chun system.   

Chum Kiu

Chum Kiu in Wing Chun is to allow learners to practice the very important concept of having a strong and powerful positioning of the legs. Chum Kiu main theory is to stand strong, hold a powerful defense, then attack using the waist and kicking techniques.  

Bill Chee

The moves within Bill Chee are more aggressive that the above, with moves such as attacking your opponent’s eyes, breaking their arms and using regular Inch punch.

In Guangzhou Wing Chun, Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Bill Chee are taught at Elementary, Intermediate and High Intermediate Levels respectively however, their importance and status in Wing Chun are equal.

Hung Jong (Empty Dummy)
Hung Jong is to learn the basic attacking techniques before you learn the wooden Dummy. It contains many similarity of the above three Siu Lim Tao, Chum Kiu and Bill Chee with additions. However, Hung Jong contains combinations of the above three for attack which are not easy to identify from the above three moves.

Wooden Dummy

Wooden Dummy is mainly to practice the Wing Chun moves you have learned with more precise positions and with the shape of the Wooden Dummy, it is ideal to practice Wing Chun along your center line. Also, it will allow you to practice your bridge hand, and Inch Punch, which cannot be achieve during normal practice with other learners due to safety reasons. With the Wooden Dummy, you can fully express your Wing Chun skills and techniques without holding back.

The Aesthetics of Wing Chun Kung

The motion and positioning of Wing Chun Kung Fu are direct, it’s theory is to attack your opponent at the shortest distance with the quickest amount of time. Hence in learning Wing Chun, we do not have many Combinations of attack and do not have stylish names compared to other martial art’s moves. It is all about aggressive and direct attack. Therefore there is no beauty in fighting with Wing Chun but factually, the purpose of Wing Chun is for self defense and to strengthen your body therefore decoration is unnecessary. In addition, learning Wing Chun is like building a strong foundation for a building. Once you have a strong foundation, you can build combinations of item on top of it, like for Wing Chun, once you learned the moves, you can apply different combinations yourself to produce your own blend of combating style.

Copyright @ GUANGZHOU WING CHUN FUNG YUI KIN FIGHTING SKILL INSTITUTE